MOSCOW, April 16 – RIA Novosti. The first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba, General Raul Castro, is retiring, he made a statement during the VIII Party Congress in Havana.
Below is a curriculum vitae.
State, political and military leader of Cuba Raul Modesto Castro Ruz was born on June 3, 1931 in the village of Biran, Oriente province (now Holguin province, Cuba) into the family of a large landowner.
Younger brother and associate of the leader of Cuba from 1959 to 2006, Fidel Castro (1926-2016).
He received his secondary education at Jesuit colleges in Santiago de Cuba and Havana. Then he studied sociology at the University of Havana.
He actively collaborated with youth organizations of the People's Socialist Party. On July 26, 1953, he took part in an armed attack on the Moncada barracks in the city of Santiago de Cuba, was arrested and sentenced to 13 years in prison. In 1955, Raul Castro was released under an amnesty and emigrated to Mexico.
In December 1956, he was among 82 revolutionaries who sailed from Mexico to Cuba on the Granma yacht. Together with the few who survived the first battle with government forces, Raul Castro settled in the Sierra Maestra mountains, where a partisan movement was deployed. Raul became one of the commanders of the revolutionary forces, from February 1958 he commanded the second column of the rebel army. After the victory of the revolution in January 1959, he briefly headed the military and civil administration in the province of Oriente.
In February 1959, Raul Castro became the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Cuba.
Since October 1959 – Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba.
At the same time, since 1962, Raul Castro was deputy, from 1972 to 1976 – the first deputy chairman of the Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Cuba.
In 1976 he was awarded the rank of General of the Army.
In the early 1960s, Raul Castro was one of the leaders of the United Revolutionary Organizations, and then the United Party of the Socialist Revolution. Since 1965 – Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba.
Since 1976, Raul Castro has been a member of the National Assembly of People's Power (the country's parliament).
In 1976 he was elected First Deputy Chairman of the Council of State and Council of Ministers of the Republic of Cuba.
At the end of July 2006, Cuban leader Fidel Castro, due to deteriorating health, temporarily transferred his powers to Raul Castro as head of state, commander-in-chief of the Cuban armed forces and leader of the Cuban Communist Party.
In January 2008, in the elections to the National Assembly of People's Power of Cuba, Raul Castro won one percent more votes than his brother Fidel. On February 18, Fidel Castro announced his resignation from the post of Chairman of the State Council and Commander-in-Chief of Cuban troops.
On February 24, 2008, the Parliament of Cuba elected Raul Castro as Chairman of the Council of State of Cuba. At the same time, he became chairman of the Cuban Council of Ministers.
In February 2013, Raul Castro was re-elected as Chairman of the State Council for a new five-year term.
In April 2011, he was elected to the post of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba. In April 2016 he was re-elected to this post.
During the reign of Raul Castro, the Cuban leadership set a course for rapprochement with the United States. In July 2015, diplomatic relations between these countries, which were interrupted in 1961, were restored. Subsequently, the parties signed a number of bilateral agreements, although the trade embargo against Cuba, imposed by the US Congress, was never lifted. However, in June 2017, US President (2017-2021) Donald Trump announced the cancellation of the “erroneous” policy of his predecessor to normalize relations with Havana. The White House noted that the United States maintains the embargo imposed against Cuba and opposes the calls of the UN and other international organizations to lift it.
On April 19, 2018, Raul Castro resigned as Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Head of the State Council, and was succeeded by Miguel Diaz-Canel. However, he remained the first secretary of the Cuban Communist Party.
On April 16, 2021, Raul Castro, at the VIII Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba, announced his resignation from his post as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the party.
Raul Castro – Hero of the Republic of Cuba (1998), has awards, including the Cuban Orders of Maximo Gomez I and II degrees, Camilo Cienfuegos and others, Soviet Orders of Lenin and the October Revolution (1981), Ukrainian Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, I degree (2010) … In 2018, he was awarded the Vietnamese Order of the Golden Star, in 2019 – the Chinese Order of Friendship. He was also awarded the Order of the Holy Blessed Prince Daniel of Moscow, I degree of the Russian Orthodox Church (2008).
Raul Castro since 1959 was married to Wilma Espin (1930-2007), a member of the partisan movement and revolution; subsequently she was the permanent chairman of the Federation of Cuban Women. In the marriage, Raoul and Wilma had three daughters and a son.
The material was prepared on the basis of information from RIA Novosti and open sources