MOSCOW, April 14 – RIA Novosti. A seniority pension is a state monthly payment to people who have a certain length of service in specific areas of activity. Who has the right to receive it, and what documents must be submitted for the appointment – in the material of RIA Novosti.
Seniority pensions are regular cash payments from the state, assigned for life if a person has a long working experience (length of service) in a particular profession. Such a pension is not awarded upon reaching a certain age; only the duration of work is taken into account.
Terms of appointment
According to Law No. 166 “On State Pension Provision in the Russian Federation” dated 12/15/2001, certain categories of citizens have the right to receive seniority pensions: —Federal government civil servants; —Military personnel; —Cosmonauts; —Flight test personnel.
– Certain categories of medical workers, teachers, firefighters, as well as persons engaged in creative activities or working in underground works, in jobs with harmful working conditions and in hot workshops, can also apply for such payments. To retire by seniority, an employee must work for a specific period of time defined for each profession, '' lawyer Olga Skobtseva told RIA Novosti.
Civil servants have the right to retire on seniority if they have work experience in government agencies: – in 2021 – 17.5 years; – in 2022 – 18 years; – in 2023 – 18.5 years; – in 2024 year – 19 years; – in 2025 – 19.5 years; – in 2026 and in subsequent years – 20 years.
– At the same time, they must fill the position of the federal state civil service for at least 12 full months and leave for certain reasons in accordance with the Federal Law “On the state civil service of the Russian Federation.” As a rule, the seniority pension for this category of citizens is established in addition to the insurance pension for old age and disability and is paid simultaneously with it. Also, citizens who have terminated a service contract of their own free will have the right to such a payment, before acquiring the right to an insurance pension for old age or disability, if they have at least 25 years of civil service experience, if immediately before their dismissal they did not work in federal civil service positions. less than 7 years, – the lawyer explained.
According to the law, municipal employees, as well as civil servants, can retire on seniority in 2021 if they have 17.5 years of work experience in government agencies. By 2026, the required length of service will grow to 20 years and will not change anymore. – At the same time, the employee must be dismissed from the municipality for health reasons, job reductions or by agreement of the parties. He can apply for a seniority pension only from a municipal position, having worked there for at least a year, ”the lawyer noted.
Also, such a pension can be retired upon dismissal on one's own initiative, if the following conditions are met: —the employee has at least 25 years of work experience in the municipal service; —he spent at least the last seven years on it before the dismissal.
Since the seniority pension is established on the basis of federal and regional laws, the size and procedure may differ in different regions.
Teachers also have the right to early retirement after acquiring the required length of service, regardless of age. The minimum required length of service for them is 25 years.
At the same time, after the pension reform, in accordance with Law No. 350-FZ of 03.10.2018, the right to retire early for this category of citizens comes 5 years later, taking into account the transition period. – That is, the date of retirement will be calculated from the date of the development of a special length of service, taking into account the increase in the generally established retirement age, – explained the expert.
At the same time, for citizens who were supposed to retire in 2019-2020, taking into account the developed special experience, a special benefit is provided – retirement 6 months ahead of the deadline for the appointment of an early insurance old-age pension.
For example, if a school teacher has worked out the necessary seniority on April 25, 2020, then his right to a pension will arise from October 25, 2021.
Conditions for teachers' retirement by year: —if the length of service is worked out in the first half of 2020, retirement is possible in the second half of 2021; —if in the second half of 2020 — retirement in the first half of 2022; —in 2021, in 2024; – in 2022 – in 2026; – in 2023 – in 2028.
For the appointment of seniority pensions to doctors, the duration of their medical and other activities to protect the health of the population in health care institutions must be: – at least 25 years – in rural areas or urban-type settlements; – at least 30 years in cities, rural areas and urban settlements type or only in cities.
At the same time, after the adoption of the pension reform, an early pension for medical workers can be assigned no earlier than a certain amount of time after the required length of service has been developed. This period was 12 months in 2019 and then increases annually by 12 months until reaching 60 months in 2023.
For example, a doctor whose “rural” experience reaches 25 years in 2021 will be able to retire only after three years, that is, no earlier than 2024.
Military, firefighters, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the National Guard and the Federal Penitentiary Service
Servicemen, employees of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation, the State Fire Service, institutions and bodies of the penal system and the Russian Guard have the right to a seniority pension. According to the law, they can go on a well-deserved rest if, upon dismissal, they have a specialized experience of 20 years or more.
In addition, a seniority pension can be received by citizens who have reached the age of 45 on the day of dismissal from service, with a total work experience of 25 calendar years or more, of which at least 12.5 years is service in these bodies. payments are available to those dismissed from service after reaching the age limit for service, for health reasons or in connection with organizational and staff activities, the specialist explained.
Conditions for retirement based on the length of service of cosmonauts and pilots: – dismissal, regardless of age, if the length of service is at least 25 years for men and at least 20 years for women, of which at least 10 calendar years for men and at least 7.5 calendar years for women have to work in a flight test unit; —Dismissal due to illness, health problems, with a length of service of at least 20 years for men and at least 15 years for women.
Flight test personnel have a similar right under the following conditions: – they have at least 25 years of service for men and at least 20 years for women, and if they leave flight work for health reasons, they have at least 20 years of service for men and at least 15 years for women; – receiving an old-age insurance pension, or a disability insurance pension, assigned in accordance with the Federal Law “On Insurance Pensions”.
Pension calculation formulas also vary depending on the categories. The basis is the position of the person, the average monthly income, the period of hours worked, the increasing or decreasing coefficient, allowances and increases, indexation, deductions from pension payments.
Scheme for the military and law enforcement officers: ((ML + OZ) x 50% + (OA + OZ +) x 3% x 7)) x PC, where OA is the employee's rate stipulated by the position; OZ – the rate calculated in accordance with the rank; PC – reduction factor.
For municipal and civil servants: (45% SZ – SP) + SZ x 3% × SZ, where SZ is the average income received by the employee, SP is the payment provided upon the onset of old age; ST – hours worked.
For health workers: IPB * SPK + EF, where IPB – retirement points; SPK – point price; FV – fixed payment.
For teachers: FV + SB x St, where FV is the payment fixed by the state; SB – the number of points earned during the working period; St – the cost of one point.
For test pilots: (1000% C – SP) + 25% C x ST, where C is the amount of social pension payments; SP – the amount of the established insurance pension, due upon reaching old age (disability); ST – production required by law (25 years for men and 20 years for women).
The establishment of a seniority pension for this category of citizens is carried out as a percentage of the size of the social old-age pension.
For cosmonauts: 55% Dov + 3% Dov x St, where Dov is the earnings received on the day of dismissal; St – the number of full years of service in excess of the required duration (25 years for men and 20 years for women)
The length of service pension for a municipal or civil servant is 45% of his average monthly earnings minus the insurance old-age (disability) pension, the fixed payment to the insurance pension and increases in the fixed payment to the insurance pension, established in accordance with the Federal Law “On Insurance Pensions”.
At the same time, for each full year of service in excess of the required special length of service, the seniority pension increases by 3% of the average monthly earnings.
The total amount of the seniority pension and the old-age insurance pension, as well as the fixed payment to it, cannot exceed 75% of the employee's average earnings.
The size of the pension for the length of service for military personnel: – for 20 years of service – 50% of the corresponding amounts of monetary allowance, and for each year of service over 20 years – 3%, but in total no more than 85 percent of these amounts; – with a total length of service of 25 calendar years and more, of which at least 12.5 years is military service: for a total length of service of 25 years – 50% of the corresponding amounts of pay and for each year of service over 25 years – 1%.
The size of the seniority pension for cosmonauts is 55% of the monetary earnings of the position on the day of dismissal. For each full year of service beyond the specified periods, the pension is increased by 3%, but not more than up to 85% of earnings.
The size of the seniority pension for teachers is influenced by: —how many hours of teaching load the teacher had; —what position he held on the day of dismissal; —whether there is a category or an academic degree; —in which subject of the Russian Federation the teacher lives.
The length of service pension for medical workers consists of two parts: the amount established directly by the legislator, as well as the amount that is determined based on the accumulated individual pension coefficients (IPC).
The size of the pension for pilots is influenced by: —the regional coefficient, which depends on the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, where the specialist worked; —the size of the average salary in Russia, —the amount of contributions to the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation.
When and where to go?
After the rights to receive a seniority pension appear, you can visit the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation at any working time, write an application and attach a package of documents to it. – Payment of pensions begins on the 1st day of the month in which the application is written. The citizen chooses the option of receiving payments on his own. They can come through the Russian Post or go to a bank account, – the expert noted.
To the application for the appointment of a seniority pension, you must attach: – passport; – a certificate from the accounting department confirming the size of the average salary for each month; – a statement from the personnel department about the periods of service that are included in the special length of service; – certificate from the pension fund, confirming, that the citizen receives insurance payments or a disability pension; – a copy of the organization's order confirming that the beneficiary has been dismissed; – a copy of the military ID (if any) and work record book and other documents.
The exact list of securities, depending on the profession, is best clarified with the FIU or the MFC.
Questions and Answers
Is it possible to receive a seniority pension and work?
– In case of early departure, you cannot work in the same area where you reached a preferential pension, but you can continue to work in a different specialty, – Olga Skobtseva explained.
Is it possible to retire early for health reasons?
– For military personnel, law enforcement officers, cosmonauts, pilots, it is possible to retire early, subject to a number of conditions (length of service, length of service in certain positions). For the rest, it is only possible to arrange maintenance by the state in connection with disability, ”the specialist said.