MOSCOW, April 9 – RIA Novosti. The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation on Friday opened the section “Can't Be Forgotten” on its website, where documents and photographs of the Second World War were published, telling about the atrocities of soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht, civilian personnel of Nazi Germany and their accomplices in concentration camps, prisoner of war camps, as well as on occupied territories. There is evidence of mass killings of civilians by the fascists, including children and babies.
The opening of the section is timed to coincide with the International Day for the Liberation of Nazi Concentration Camp Prisoners, celebrated annually on April 11. On this day in 1945, an uprising was raised in the largest concentration camp, Buchenwald.
The documents are published from the funds of the Central Archives of the Ministry of Defense. As noted in the department, “evidence of atrocities, bullying and mass destruction by the fascists of the population of the occupied territories of the Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe – Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians, Poles and Austrians, Slovenes, Bulgarians and representatives of other nationalities and nationalities.”
“The publication of archival documents from the Second World War period from the funds of the Central Archives of the Russian Ministry of Defense is a continuation of the activities of the military department aimed at protecting and protecting historical truth, countering falsifications of history, attempts to revise the results of World War II,” the ministry emphasizes. 1 of 4 Documents about the atrocities of the Nazis 2 of 4 Documents about the atrocities of the Nazis 3 of 4 Documents about the atrocities of the Nazis 4 of 4Documents about Nazi atrocities1 of 4Documents about Nazi atrocities2 of 4Documents about Nazi atrocities3 of 4Documents about Nazi atrocities4 of 4Documents about Nazi atrocities
Nailed with stakes to the ground
One of the acts of the archive tells about the discovery of a prisoner of war camp near Stalingrad, where up to 1,500 Soviet soldiers were tortured. The camp was located in the Alekseevka farm of the Gorodishchensky district of the Stalingrad region. According to the document, the camp was surrounded by two rows of barbed wire, and dugouts were located inside the perimeter. A platform was set up in the middle of the camp, which the soldiers of the Red Army found “covered in blood.”
As noted in the document, “brutally tortured to 1,500 people were found fighters and commanders of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army.” “When examining the corpses, it was established that most of the corpses with broken skulls, open stomachs, with severed heads, legs, hands. Many corpses are burned, with singed heels. Two corpses are nailed with stakes to the ground. One has two iron spoons driven into his mouth,” it is noted in an act drawn up by officers.
The military doctor of the unit that occupied Alekseevka found that the prisoners of war had been brought to complete exhaustion, the Nazis racked their heads with rifle butts. Then the corpses were dragged into dugouts and dugouts.
Another document testifies to the terrible conditions of detention of Soviet prisoners of war in a concentration camp created in the fall of 1941 at the former hay station in the city of Demyansk (now part of the Novgorod region). In the first few months, the prisoners of the camp, who by the end of 1941 there were about 13 thousand people, were in the open air. Later, bunkers-dugouts for prisoners of war were arranged, into which they drove 70-80 people. In these conditions, there was nowhere even to sit, so most of the prisoners of war had to sleep while standing. The camp guards took advantage of every opportunity to physically exterminate the prisoners of war. By May 1942, out of 13 thousand prisoners, only 700 prisoners of war remained alive in the Demyansk camp.
Stabbing infants with bayonets
Another act, drawn up on the basis of the testimony of local residents, tells about the atrocities of German punishers in the village of Tenitsa, Chernihiv region. According to the document, on February 23, 1943, a German punitive detachment arrived in the village. The Nazis drove 28 collective farm families, which were then taken out in trucks to the place of execution and shot 2-3 people each.
“Moans and crying were heard, fascist monsters threw babies on the corpses of the dead, finished them off with machine guns, stabbed them with bayonets,” eyewitnesses describe the events.
It is noted that many of those who were taken to execution went crazy on the way. “The distraught 22-year-old Yekaterina Galinskaya tore all her clothes on. Her German executioners stabbed her with bayonets. 14-year-old Ivan Potupko jumped out of the car and began to run, the punishers caught up with the boys and cut off his legs with daggers,” the document says. According to the act, a total of 132 villagers were shot and burned. Including several girls of one and a half and three years, many other children were killed and burned.
Another evidence speaks of the ruthlessness of the German military towards Soviet people, regardless of gender and age. The section contains captured images taken from the murdered German corporal Oskar Wronowski. The fascist's personal photo album contains shots of murdered women and children. In particular, there are pictures of Vasya Volmanov, who was killed in July 1941, together with his two younger brothers and two younger sisters.
Other documentary photographs from the archive of the Ministry of Defense show excavations of places of mass execution of civilians by the Nazis in the city of Sokal, Lviv region of Ukraine. Standing apart is a photo of children shot in an anti-tank ditch; in the foreground is the corpse of a two-year-old child with a broken skull.
A number of published documents are devoted to atrocities in concentration camps. This includes an extensive report by the head of the political department of the 1st Ukrainian Front on the atrocities of the German fascist invaders in the Auschwitz camp.
Another evidence is the investigation by the military prosecutor's office of the 65th Army about the atrocities of the Germans in the camps created for the mass destruction of civilians in the area of the Treblinka station of the Warsaw Voivodeship. The document was drawn up in September 1944, immediately after the liberation of these places by the troops of the 1st Belorussian Front.
According to an investigation, the camps were established in 1941 and 1942. At the same time, the first camp was “modestly” called by the Germans “Arbeitslager”, that is, “labor camp”, and the second, created almost a year later, was called “Todlager” – “death camp”. In the investigation, camp number two is designated as an international death plant.
“Every day 3-4 echelons of 6-8 thousand people in each entered the camp. Echelons came from various occupied countries of Europe: the occupied regions of the USSR, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Poland, as well as the territory of Germany itself,” document. The investigation established that in just a year – from July 1942 to August 1943 – about 3 million people from various countries of occupied Europe were brought here. There were babies and old people, there were many women.
Bullying and mass murder of people began on the way to the Treblinsky camps. Captured anywhere (on the streets, in their own houses, at enterprises and in institutions), without any warnings or accusations, people were driven into prepared freight trains, where they were stuffed by 100-200 people into each car, which had only one small window … For several days on the way, the door of the carriages was never opened by the guards. People did not receive food and even water at all. Under such conditions, as well as from the periodic shooting of the carriages, “in many cases, up to half of the people who were loaded into the carriages turned out to be dead,” the investigation says.
The bulk of the prisoners, immediately upon arrival at the camp, were sent to the so-called “baths”, where they were killed by gas. The remaining prisoners worked from 6 o'clock until late at night, while the camp administration released only 200 grams of bread per person per day.
Untersturmführer of the Treblin camp, Sepp, “brutally whipped people who were stripped to the bone, snatched babies from their mothers' hands and killed them in front of their eyes in a special way he had chosen: he took the baby by the legs and banged his head against the wall,” the investigation says. Another German Untersturmführer from the same camp liked to beat people to death, striking them with a whip on the head.
No statute of limitations
Numerous other evidence of Nazi atrocities can be found on the website of the Ministry of Defense – http://ww2prisoners.mil.ru/
The archival documents included in the exposition of the multimedia project have been declassified and published within the framework of the federal project “No statute of limitations”, implemented on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.
“The information published on the website of the Russian Ministry of Defense may be restrictive and is not recommended for familiarization to persons who have not reached the age of majority,” the Ministry of Defense said.