MOSCOW, April 9 – RIA Novosti. From January 2021, Russia will continue to raise the age that gives the right to an old-age pension. The current retirement age for women and men, a table of retirement by year of birth, as well as who has the right to retire early – in the material of RIA Novosti.
Pension reform in Russia
In accordance with federal law No. 350-FZ of October 3, 2018, a gradual increase in the generally established age began in Russia, which gives the right to receive an insurance old-age pension and a state security pension.
The changes will take place in stages over a long transition period, which will be 10 years – from 2019 to 2028. As a result, the retirement age in Russia will be increased by 5 years: up to 60 years for women, up to 65 years for men.
Retirement age in 2021
In 2021, women who have reached 56.5 years of age have the right to retire (in 2020, they retired at 55.5 years). There are also new requirements regarding the length of service and the number of individual pension coefficients: now there should be 12 years of work (in 2020 there were 11) and 21 coefficients (in 2020 – 18.6).
In 2021, those men who have reached the age of 61.5 years may be poisoned. For them, there are similar requirements regarding the length of service and the number of individual pension coefficients – 12 years and 21 coefficients.
Retirement table by year of birth
– 1st half of the year (up to June 30 inclusive) born in 1960 – in the 2nd half of 2021 (at 61.5 years); – 2nd half of the year (after July 1) born in 1960 – in the 1st half of 2022 years (at 61.5 years); – born in 1961 – in 2024 (at 63 years old); – born in 1962 – in 2026 (at 64 years old); – born in 1963 – in 2028 (at 65 years old) ; -1964 year of birth – in 2029 (at 65 years old); – 1965 year of birth – in 2030 (at age 65); – 1966 year of birth – in 2031 (at age 65); – 1967 year of birth – in 2032 year (at 65 years old); – 1968 year of birth – in 2033 (at 65 years old); – 1969 year of birth – in 2034 (at 65 years old); – 1970 year of birth – in 2035 (at 65 years old).
– 1st half of the year (up to June 30 inclusive) born in 1965 – in the 2nd half of 2021 (at 56.5 years); – 2nd half of the year (after July 1) born in 1965 – in the 1st half of 2022 year (at 56.5 years old); – 1966 year of birth – in 2024 (at 58 years old); – 1967 year of birth – in 2026 (at 59 years old); – 1968 year of birth – in 2028 (at 60 years old) ; -1969 year of birth – in 2029 (at 60 years old); – 1970 year of birth – in 2030 (at 60 years old).
Early retirement is provided for citizens with extensive work experience. Women who have officially worked for at least 37 years, and men for at least 42 years, can retire 2 years earlier than the generally established retirement age, but not earlier than 55 years for women and 60 years for men. – In addition, citizens of pre-retirement age have the right to retire earlier than the established retirement age if they are unable to find a job. In such cases, the pension is set two years earlier than the new retirement age, taking into account the transition period, – lawyer Evgenia Smolyaninova told RIA Novosti.
Retirement age in the North and the Far East
Residents of the Far North and equivalent areas have the right to retire 5 years earlier. Currently, the early retirement age is also gradually increasing by 5 years: from 50 to 55 years for women and from 55 to 60 years for men.
The minimum required northern experience for an early exit does not change and is still 15 calendar years in the Far North and 20 in equivalent areas. The requirements for length of service also do not change and are 20 years for women and 25 years for men.
The transition period for northerners will be, like for everyone, 10 years – from 2019 to 2028. At the first stage, the increase in age will affect women born in 1969 and men born in 1964. At the same time, northerners, who were supposed to receive a pension in 2019-2020 under the old legislation, also have the right to an exit benefit six months earlier than the new retirement age. – For example, a man born in the first half of 1965 with 30 years of work experience in the North and 35 years of insurance experience, will retire in the second half of 2021 at the age of 56.5 years, – said Evgenia Smolyaninova.
According to the results of the transition in 2028, northerners born in 1973 will retire at 55 years old, and northerners born in 1968 at 60 years old.
At the same time, the transitional period for raising the retirement age is also applied in cases where the northern experience is not fully developed and the age of assigning a pension for each year worked in the northern region is reduced. – For example, a woman born in March 1970 with 11 years of experience for North and 18 years of insurance experience, according to the old legislation, she was supposed to retire in July 2021 at 51 years and 4 months. Considering that in 2021 the retirement age will be increased by three years, a woman will be able to retire in July 2024 upon reaching the age of 54 years and 4 months, the lawyer explained.
However, the new rules do not apply to some categories of northerners – the retirement age for them will not be raised. The changes will not affect the small indigenous peoples of the North, who, depending on gender, retire at 50 or 55 years old, as well as northerners who have raised two or more children. In the presence of the necessary northern and insurance experience, the latter is entitled to a pension starting from 50 years.
When the military retires
After 20 years of service, servicemen, as well as employees of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation and the former USSR, the State Fire Service, institutions and bodies of the penal system and the Russian Guard can retire. For example, if contract service begins at the age of 20, then at the age of 40 a soldier can already retire. – A seniority pension is awarded upon dismissal from service, when on the day of filing an application there is 20 or more years of service. If a certain number of years is not enough, then the right to receive a pension arises only upon dismissal from service upon reaching the age of 45 and having a total work experience of 25 years or more, of which at least 12 and a half years must be military and other , counted in special seniority, service. Dismissal in this case should occur after reaching the age limit for service or for health reasons, or in connection with organizational and staff activities, the expert noted.
The seniority pension is also due to cosmonauts and pilots.
Terms of exit: —firing, regardless of age, if there is at least 25 years of service for men and at least 20 years for women, of which at least 10 calendar years for men and at least 7.5 calendar years for women are employed in flight test unit; —Dismissal due to illness, health problems, with a length of service of at least 20 years for men and at least 15 years for women.
Flight test personnel can also exercise the right to retire for seniority. This is possible under the following conditions: —the presence of a length of service of at least 25 years for men and at least 20 years for women, and when leaving flight work for health reasons – with a length of service of at least 20 years for men and at least 15 years for women; an insurance pension for old age, or an insurance pension for disability, assigned in accordance with the Federal Law “On Insurance Pensions”.
Retirement age of civil servants
The decision to increase the term of employment of civil servants at all levels of government – federal, regional and municipal – from 55 years for women and 60 years for men to 63 and 65 years, respectively, was made back in 2017. Since then, there has been a gradual increase in the age of retiring civil servants, as well as the minimum length of service that they must develop in their position, which is one of the conditions for retirement for seniority.
Length of service according to the annex to the Federal Law “On State Pension Provision in the Russian Federation”: – in 2021 – 17.5 years; —2022 — 18 years; —2023 — 18.5 years; —2024 — 19 years; —2025 year – 19.5 years; –2026 and subsequent years – 20 years.
Also, in order to retire on seniority, a civil servant needs to work in office for at least 12 full months and resign on certain grounds specified in the federal law of July 27, 2004 No. 79-FZ “On the state civil service of the Russian Federation.” As a rule, the seniority pension for civil servants is set in addition to the insurance pension for old age or disability and is paid simultaneously with it. Also, civil servants who quit on their own initiative before acquiring the right to an old age or disability insurance pension have the right to such a pension, but if they have at least 25 years of public civil service experience, if immediately before their dismissal they held positions of the federal civil service for at least 7 years, – the lawyer emphasized.
When teachers, doctors, artists retire
Teachers, doctors, ballet dancers, circus gymnasts, and opera singers are also employees who have the right to retire for seniority.
The minimum required special experience, depending on the specific profession, ranges from 25 to 30 years. But at the same time, in connection with the increase in the retirement age, retirement is determined taking into account the transition period. In accordance with it, the assignment of pensions to doctors, teachers and artists is gradually postponed from the moment of working out a special length of service. At the same time, they can continue to work after acquiring the required length of service, or stop working. – For example, rural health workers require 25 years of service in health care institutions to retire, regardless of age and gender. If such a physician develops the necessary experience in September 2021, he will be assigned a pension in accordance with the generally established transitional period for raising the retirement age – in 3 years, in September 2024, '' explained Evgenia Smolyaninova.
Accordingly, if you work out the experience by 2022, then the pension will be assigned in 2026. If in 2023 – then in 2028. After this year, the transition period ends.
Retirement age for parents with many children
Women with many children with three and four children have the right to early retirement. – If a mother has 3 children and she raised them before reaching 8 years of age, she will be able to retire 3 years earlier than the new retirement age, subject to transitional provisions. If a woman has four children and she raised them before reaching the age of 8 – 4 years earlier than the new retirement age, taking into account the transitional provisions, the lawyer explained.
At the same time, for early retirement, women with many children need to develop a total of 15 years of insurance experience, and the total number of accumulated pension points (IPC) should be at least the standard value – 30 IPK.
For mothers with 5 or more children, after the 2019 reform, nothing has changed. They can retire at 50.
Children in respect of whom the woman was deprived of parental rights or the adoption was canceled will not be counted.
The issue of introducing the right of fathers with many children to early retirement is still being considered by the Russian authorities.