MOSCOW, April 2 – RIA Novosti. Nutritionists do not recommend that patients count calories to reduce body weight, and energy intake below the basal metabolic rate should not be limited, since the body will begin to defend itself and reduce metabolism, not only adipose tissue, but also muscle tissue will decrease, the chief nutritionist of the Moscow Department of Healthcare told RIA Novosti Antonina Starodubova. “To reduce body weight, it is necessary to create a calorie deficit, without it, there will be no weight loss. However, it is important to understand that every day we spend a certain amount of calories simply to maintain vital processes in the body – basal metabolism, and it depends on gender, age, body weight, and usually ranges from 1000-1500 kcal for women to 1400-2000 kcal for men.In addition, energy is needed for digestion, bowel function after eating – this adds about 10% more, and not less 20% of the basal metabolic rate – 200-400 kcal to the base value – necessary for work, movement, any other types activity “, – said Starodubova.
According to her, it is impossible to restrict the flow of energy below the basal metabolic rate – this is the most common mistake that doctors face in those who want to lose weight. The body will begin to defend itself and reduce metabolism, not only adipose tissue, but also muscle tissue will decrease, as a result, with the slightest disturbance in nutrition, the body weight will quickly return to its previous figures or even increase, and the state of health may worsen due to a decrease in muscle tissue and adaptive resources organism.
“Today, nutritionists, as a rule, do not recommend patients to count calories to reduce body weight. However, we recommend creating a calorie deficit by increasing their expenditure – physical activity, increased physical activity. The calorie deficit should not be too large – this way is longer, but safer “, – added the interlocutor of the agency.