MOSCOW, March 16 – RIA Novosti. The State Duma in the third reading adopted a bill regulating educational activities.
The document fixes the corresponding concept in the law on education. It should be understood as activities carried out outside educational programs and aimed at disseminating knowledge and skills “for the purpose of intellectual, spiritual, moral, creative, physical and professional development of a person, to meet his educational needs and interests.”
According to the authors of the project, it is necessary to prohibit the use of educational activities to incite social, racial, national or religious hatred – including through the dissemination of false information “about the historical, national, religious and cultural traditions of peoples.”
Conclusions for educational organizations
According to the document, the federal authorities in the field of education will be able to issue conclusions to educational organizations to coordinate their participation in international cooperation. This will prevent “negative foreign interference” in the learning process. Educational institutions will be able to sign an agreement with foreign organizations and citizens (except for agreements on the provision of educational services to foreigners) subject to the conclusion of the Ministry of Education and Science or the Ministry of Education.
It is expected that by September 1, 2022, educational organizations should receive conclusions on contracts signed by them before the date of entry into force of the bill.
The amendment to the second reading clarifies the provision on scientific and methodological support for the activities of educational institutions. It provides that the Ministry of Education and Science will determine “the range of those organizations that can engage in methodological work” in relation to the school.
In addition, the parliamentarians approved an amendment according to which educational activities are carried out not only by state authorities, other state bodies and local self-government bodies, but also by their authorized organizations and individuals, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities – “subject to the requirements provided for by this federal law.”
The document comes into force on June 1, 2021. The Federation Council will consider it on Wednesday.
Discussion of the document
The day before, the Federation Council reported that they would create a working group to study by-laws of the government and relevant ministries necessary for the implementation of the law on educational activities.
The head of the Duma Committee on Education and Science Vyacheslav Nikonov noted earlier that after the first reading the bill caused a wide public outcry. Moreover, in most cases, the discussion had “nothing to do with what is written there.”
As the deputy head of the international committee of the Federation Council Vladimir Lukin said, the document “does not and cannot have any legal certainty.” The senator recalled that the RAS did not support the concept of the bill.
At the same time, one of the authors of the document, Andrei Klimov, stressed that everything said “does not apply to the law at all.” According to him, the discussion in the Russian Academy of Sciences took place three months ago, and the concerns of the academicians were removed by a comprehensive amendment to the second reading of the document in the State Duma. Klimov indicated that the bill was supported by the government and the regions.
In turn, the head of the international committee, Konstantin Kosachev, would like the legislation to include “fewer restrictive measures” in relation to public organizations and the media. However, “there is a war going on against Russia, and we are making reciprocal decisions,” he added.