MOSCOW, March 3 – RIA Novosti. The Russian Cynological Federation (RKF) has compiled a list of meanings for dog body movements such as tail wagging, ear movement, and growling. The President of RKF Vladimir Golubev told RIA Novosti what these actions of the animal mean in this or that situation. “Due to the fact that the dog cannot explain what it wants or feels, it shows it with the help of poses, voice and movements. The owner must learn to understand the body language of the animal and correctly interpret each signal. Not only the successful communication with the pet, but also the correct interpretation of its behavior will depend on how correctly the owner reads the dog's signals, “- said the dog handler.
One of the most common dog signals is tail wagging. If the dog waves it from side to side or in a circle, is relaxed, or shows other signs of positive behavior, then he is experiencing joy. If the dog is tense, takes a defensive posture, then the wagging tail signals excitement or anger, Golubev said.
If the dog has raised its tail high, it means that at this moment he is ready for a conflict. Usually, this position indicates that the dog is excited and feels confident, the expert said.
A tail set low between the legs indicates that the dog is nervous, afraid or uncomfortable. In some dogs, this tail position demonstrates maximum concentration, Golubev explained.
The eyes will also help to understand the dog's emotions. Wide eyes and concentration of gaze usually indicate excitement and anxiety. If at the same time the dog begins to growl, does not look away and does not blink, then these are signs of protective behavior of the animal, the cynologist said. “A dog that looks away or squints shows submissiveness. And this is not always a positive emotion: it is possible that the dog is worried about interaction with you and about their safety, “he said.
Also, the dog handler asked dog breeders to pay attention to the ears. A friendly and cheerful dog pushes his ears a little back and to the sides – this means that he is ready for contact and feels joy. If the pet is interested in something, he will lift his ears up and direct them to the source of interest. With active aggression, the animal pulls its ears forward and up. Ears tightly pressed to the head will also testify to active aggression. The fearful dog takes them back and presses them to the head, Golubev explained.
Another gesture with many meanings is when the dog tries to yawn, the expert said. If she is not tired, then such a gesture may indicate stress and an attempt by the animal to get rid of worries. A grin and bared teeth can signal a dog's submissiveness, but if such facial expressions are accompanied by growls, protective stance and raised hair, this is a sign of aggression. When a dog often licks its muzzle, it signals that it feels uncomfortable and perceives the situation as unsafe, the dog handler said.
The position of the body will also help to tell about the state of the animal. When a dog is scared or afraid, he cuddles to the ground, trying to appear smaller, he can bend his paws, press his tail, keep his head low. If the dog is happy, he can jump up and try to involve the owner in the game. The fact that the animal feels confidence and superiority will be indicated by the position of the body in which the dog tries to appear larger: it stands upright, with its head and tail raised high. If a dog touches a person with his paw, puts his head on his knee or touches his hands with his nose, he asks for affection and attention, Golubev said. serve as a call to leave the pet alone. But if the dog is quite happy, cheerfully wags its tail, and then turns over on its back, it plays with you and asks for affection, “said the dog handler.