Cases of bullying prisoners in correctional institutions in Russia

Since January 18, 2021, the organization of work on the observance of human rights in the institutions of the GUFSIN of Russia in the Irkutsk region is being checked. In correctional colony no. 6, located in Irkutsk, the fact of “unlawful acts of a sexual nature on the part of convicts against convict B.” was revealed, who was hospitalized in the regional hospital. The Investigative Committee also opened a criminal case in connection with the incident in SIZO-1 in Irkutsk. The sister of the convict O. from Tuva, who was in the remand prison, turned to human rights defenders for help. She reported that her brother was tortured and disabled. The regional GUFSIN said that O. had become a victim of a conflict with inmates. On February 17, it became known about the dismissal of the head of SIZO-1, the temporary suspension of the duties of the deputy head of SIZO-1, the head of the operational department of SIZO-1, and the deputy head of IK-6. Later, the Federal Penitentiary Service told about nine criminal cases opened against employees and prisoners. In addition, representatives of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia identified 10 convicts who used physical measures against other prisoners, and verification measures are being taken against them. According to the head of the Federal Penitentiary Service of the Russian Federation, Alexander Kalashnikov, 1145 people were interviewed in the initiated cases, 41 were identified as involved in the perpetration of violence, 75 victims and about 90 eyewitnesses of violence were identified. On March 3, the head of IK-6 and the head of the operational department of SIZO-1 in Irkutsk were detained as part of an investigation into the abuse of prisoners.

In July 2018, Novaya Gazeta published a video of the mass beating of convicted Yevgeny Makarov by officers of the Federal Penitentiary Service in Yaroslavl Colony No. 1. The man was beaten “with hands, feet and unidentified objects.” According to the newspaper and the Public Verdict Foundation, which broadcast the video, the incident took place in the summer of 2017. It caused a huge public outcry. A criminal case was opened on abuse of office, 15 people were detained. The former deputy chief of the operational department of the colony No. 1 of Yaroslavl, Sergei Efremov, made a deal with the investigation and received four years in a general regime colony. In November 2020, 13 more former employees of the colony were brought to trial. The Zavolzhsky court of Yaroslavl acquitted two of them, while the rest were sentenced to terms ranging from three years to four years and three months in a colony. Six of them had already served their sentences in custody and were released in the courtroom. The court forbade the defendants to get jobs in power structures for 2.5 years after their release, but did not deprive them of their titles. The consideration of the criminal case against another accused, former deputy head of colony No. 1 Ivan Kalashnikov, was temporarily suspended due to his serious illness. On February 27, 2020, it became known that Kalashnikov died without waiting for a verdict.

In November 2017, in Khakassia, three employees of the colony IK-33, Vladimir Laschenov, Igor Yemelyanov and Aleksey Bazhin, severely beat a prisoner who was transferred from another colony for violation of discipline, where riots had recently taken place. The accomplice was one of the convicts, who was serving a sentence for murder at that moment. He was also involved in inflicting bodily harm on his cellmate. A week later, the victim of his injuries died in a hospital. In June 2020, the Abakan City Court sentenced the former employees of the colony to imprisonment for terms of 10 to 12 years, serving the sentence in a maximum security penal colony. The convict, who was an accomplice, taking into account the existing convictions on the basis of cumulative sentences, was finally sentenced to 24 years 6 months in prison in a special regime correctional colony. Also, the employees of the colony were additionally sentenced to deprivation of the right to hold positions in the bodies of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, related to the exercise of the functions of a representative of the authorities, for a period of two years.

On October 13, 2017, a criminal case was initiated against four employees of correctional colony No. 2 in Chelyabinsk Alexander Dontsov, Vladimir Malinin, Viktor Podkorytov and Viktor Zaviyalov. They were accused of abuse of office with the use of violence and causing grave consequences. According to the investigation, on December 21, 2015, operatives Dontsov and Malinin tied prisoner Sultan Israilov with a scarf to the bars of the window of the punishment cell (punishment cell), beating him in front of him with a rubber truncheon and handcuffing him. The man died from strangulation. The body of the deceased was found on the morning of December 22. On the same day, but a little earlier, Dontsov, Podkorytov and Zaviyalov beat up another prisoner, Andrei Chernikov.

On November 15, 2018, the Metallurgichesky District Court of Chelyabinsk sentenced four former employees of the correctional colony. They pleaded not guilty, however, they were found guilty of committing crimes under the article “Excessive powers with the use of violence, weapons or special means, as well as causing grave consequences.” There was a fifth person involved in the case – the ShIZO officer on duty Vladimir Zorin, from whom Dontsov and Malinin took a baton and handcuffs. However, in May 2016, he committed suicide while under house arrest. The court sentenced the accused to terms ranging from three to eight years. He also decided to strip them of their ranks and, after their release, banned them from holding positions in the FSIN, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and state authorities for terms ranging from two and a half to three years. On November 10, 2020, it became known that the Leninsky District Court of Grozny, at the suit of Sultan Israilov's parents, recovered from the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia two million rubles in compensation for moral damage.

In September 2016, a criminal case was initiated against three employees of correctional colony No. 33 in Khakassia after an ambulance brought prisoner Sergei Buinitsky, who was covered in bruises and bruises, from the colony to the intensive care unit of the Abakan hospital. Doctors removed his torn kidney. Investigators suspected major of the internal service Yevgeny Chichinin and senior lieutenants Dmitry Zolotukhin and Ilya Vasilyev of beating the prisoner. The investigation established that this was far from the first case of bullying against Sergei Buinitsky. The overseers demanded that the man stop filing complaints with the supervisory and regulatory authorities, the Ombudsman, and also refuse the services of a lawyer who helped him in this. As the representative of the victim reported, her principal complained about the conditions of detention in the colony. In April 2019, the Abakan City Court in Khakassia found three former employees of correctional colony No. 33 guilty of beating and humiliating a prisoner. One of them was sentenced to six years in prison, and the other two were sentenced to five years in prison for abuse of office.

In January 2016, it became known about the initiation of a criminal case against the employees of the correctional colony in Kalmykia. There are two episodes in the case. According to the investigation, in September 2012, operatives and employees of the colony's security service severely beat a group of prisoners. It got into the video. The footage shows how people in uniform force the prisoners to spread their legs wide apart and beat them with a rubber truncheon. In November 2015, Dmitry Batyrev became their victim. He was sentenced to three years for willful infliction of grievous bodily harm. According to the version of the investigation, three employees of the colony severely beat the convict. The victim was taken to hospital, where he died. Numerous injuries were found on the corpse, including the head, trunk and limbs. In July 2017, the Elista city court sentenced seven former employees of the Federal Penitentiary Service to terms ranging from one to eleven years for beatings of prisoners in IK-1 and the death of one of them. The longest sentences in a strict regime colony were received by the assistant to the head of the colony Kazbek Israilov and the operative Tseren Nasunov – 11 years each. Security officer Alexander Shuvaev was sentenced to seven years in a strict regime colony. His colleague Ilya Badma-Ubushaev and the deputy head of the special forces department of the Kalmyk Federal Penitentiary Service of Kalmykia Yevgeny Molozaev were sentenced to one and a half and one years, respectively, in a general regime colony. The former deputy head of the colony, Baatr Dordzhiev, and the doctor of the medical unit No. 3, Konstantin Ubushaev, were sentenced to three years in a colony-settlement. Случаи издевательств над заключенными в исправительных учреждениях России

In early 2016, a local resident, whose husband was serving a long term in Omsk correctional colony No. 7, contacted the law enforcement agencies of Moscow. The applicant submitted a DVD with a dozen video recordings of the abuse of prisoners, explaining that she had received the compromising material from her husband's inmate who had been released. After the inspection, a criminal case was initiated, which was instructed to investigate the department of the Investigative Committee for the Omsk region. Vasily Trofimov, an inspector of the colony's security department, became his defendant. As they say in the case, the warden put together a detachment from the prisoners who were engaged in martial arts to “adapt” newcomers: those who had just arrived at the camp were beaten, forced to waltz naked. In September 2019, Trofimov was sentenced to two years in prison for exceeding his powers. The accused, who remained in office until the verdict, was taken into custody in the courtroom.

In November 2015, juvenile convicts who arrived at the Belorechensk educational colony in the Kuban were beaten. In the disinfection room, several masked men attacked the teenagers and began to severely beat them. As it turned out later, the employees of the colony allegedly received information that the “newcomers” were planning to organize riots in the institution, so they decided to hold an “educational” event in advance. After the beatings, one of the inmates was unable to get up and then died in the hospital. Doctors diagnosed him with a head injury and fractured ribs. Four more teenagers received injuries of varying severity. In May 2017, acting the head of the Belorechensk educational colony Vyacheslav Ivanov and nine of his subordinates who participated in the beating were sentenced to terms from 2.5 to 11 years in prison. The court also satisfied the claims of the victims to recover the damage caused to them.

In July 2015, on the fact of the death of a convict in the correctional colony of Nevyansk # 46 (Sverdlovsk region), which occurred on July 4, a criminal case was initiated under the articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “deliberate infliction of grievous bodily harm, resulting in the death of the victim through negligence” and “abuse of office, committed with the use of violence “. In the case in Nevyansk, the head of the colony Ilya Chikin, the deputy head of the colony Alexei Nikolaev, the head of the colony's security department Yevgeny Panov and the driver of the colony's garage Dmitry Usov were arrested, who, by Chikin's order, was also appointed concurrently to the post of junior inspector of the security department, but his duties were not ” the second work “did not perform. As the court established, on the afternoon of July 1, 2015, Nikolaev, Panov and Usov beat the convict out of personal hostility for regular violations of the regime. They handcuffed him and punched him, kicked him and hit him with a tightly rolled blanket. On July 3, in the corridor of the punishment cell, Chikin, out of personal hostility, punched the victim in the area of the heart. After that, the victim was left handcuffed to the bars at the entrance to the cell for two days. The forensic medical examination established that, in the aggregate, these actions led to his death. On March 23, 2017, the court sentenced Ilya Chikin to imprisonment for 13 years and six months, Alexey Nikolaev and Yevgeny Panov – to imprisonment for 13 years each in a strict regime penal colony. In addition, they were deprived of the right to hold positions in law enforcement agencies for a period of three years and were deprived of special titles. Usov received seven and a half years of strict regime, was stripped of his title and the right to work for three years in law enforcement agencies. Случаи издевательств над заключенными в исправительных учреждениях России

A number of incidents related to bullying of prisoners took place in correctional colony No. 6 in the city of Klintsy, Bryansk region. According to human rights activists, in 2013-2014, activists were in charge there – prisoners who collaborated with the administration. They extorted money from businessmen convicted of fraud. Those who refused to pay were tortured. The constant bullying in March 2014 led to a riot – several prisoners tried to take their own lives in protest. After a check by the Moscow commission, the head of the penal colony Dmitry Milokost was removed from the service, and several activists were convicted. Also, the guard Andrei Yakubov, who killed the prisoner, was sent to jail for ten years. In August 2016, riots broke out again in the colony – prisoners brutally beat 14 activists. In the summer of 2018, the deputy operative on duty Ivan Marshalko tied up and strangled with a rag prisoner Yevgeny Petrochenko, convicted of theft. Marshalko was charged with two articles at once: “Murder” and “Exceeding official powers”, for which he was sentenced to 12 years in a strict regime colony. Another incident occurred on December 8, 2019, when Roman Sarychev died as a result of beating in the colony. Employees of the Investigative Committee opened a criminal case under the article “Intentional infliction of grievous bodily harm, resulting in the death of the victim by negligence.” The deputy head of the security service of IK-6, Sergei Shevtsov, was detained. In August 2020, a criminal case of negligence was brought against the head of the colony, Alexei Levin.

In January 2013, a prisoner was tortured in SIZO-1 in Ulan-Uda. According to the investigation, the head of the day shift department of the SIZO-1 regime, Yuri Gostev, and six of his subordinates, under torture, demanded that prisoner Viktor Roganov testify in favor of the criminal authorities of Buryatia. At the same time, as Roganov's lawyer explained, his client at the time of the incident was under state protection in a high-profile case. They struck Roganov at least 240 punches and kicks, and also used wrist bracelets and a rubber truncheon. And then they tried to hide the fact of the crime, although the witnesses heard the knocking of truncheons and the groans of the victim. Roganov was diagnosed with numerous hematomas in the lumbar region, buttocks and right thigh. In May 2018, the Ulan-Ude Soviet court sentenced Dmitry Tkachev, Yuri Gostev, Sergei Goryunov, Alexander Astashov, Tsyden Dorzhiev, Roman Rodionov and Artur Popov to four years' imprisonment conditionally for each and banned them from working in law enforcement agencies for three years. In September 2019, the Ulan-Ude Soviet court ordered 700 thousand rubles from the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in favor of Viktor Roganov, who suffered from torture in a pre-trial detention center.

In April 2011, in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, a criminal case was initiated under clause “a” of part 3 of article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (abuse of office with the threat of violence) against the senior detective of correctional colony No. 18, Lieutenant Colonel Yuri Sandrykin. According to the investigation, he beat life-sentenced prisoners, forcing them to confess in high-profile cases. Sandrykin, using violence and torture, has achieved more than 200 false confessions since the end of 2009. Among those who confessed were Paul Khlebnikov, Anna Politkovskaya and Akhmat Kadyrov, who “confessed” to the murders, which received a wide public response. In the course of the investigation, it turned out that the lieutenant colonel had chosen a “high-profile and unsolved case” on the Internet. In addition, Sandrykin learned about the crimes the convicts could confess to from operational inquiries and from the press. And some crimes were even invented by him. Sandrykin chose a victim for his deeds in a penal colony. He put an accomplice in the cell with the prisoner – Vadim Zhuravlev, who was sentenced in 2007 for a series of brutal murders to life imprisonment, who created “unbearable” living conditions for his neighbor, thereby forcing him to confess what he had not done. Those who refused to take on the blame of others were subjected to physical and sexual abuse. Thus, Sandrykin tried to show a high crime detection rate in order to get a transfer to Moscow. The state prosecution demanded nine years in prison for the accused, although he faced a maximum of 15 years in prison. The defense asked him to fully acquit him: during the trial, Sandrykin and his lawyers pointed out that the investigation had failed to prove his connection with the convicted Zhuravlev. On August 15, 2014, the Yamalo-Nenets District Court sentenced former Lieutenant Colonel of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia Yuri Sandrykin to three years and five months of imprisonment in a maximum security colony, in addition, he was deprived of the right to hold positions in law enforcement agencies for a year and a half. Zhuravlev, convicted for life, was sentenced to another four years in prison.

The material was prepared on the basis of information from RIA Novosti and open sources

Author: wedocount

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