MOSCOW, March 2 – RIA Novosti. A new look of the Russian super-heavy launch vehicle has been determined, which can be used for flights to the Moon, a source in the rocket and space industry told RIA Novosti. “The super-heavy launch vehicle is planned to be created according to a batch scheme: six side blocks around the central one – all with an RD engine -182, and the upper stage based on RD-0169 “, – said the source.
Earlier, the general director of NPO Energomash, Igor Arbuzov, presented the development of the RD-182 engine for the Russian reusable Amur-LNG rocket. The video of the presentation was published on the Roscosmos TV channel on YouTube.
As a source explained to RIA Novosti, it is planned to use a reusable RD-0169 engine with a thrust of 100 tons in the Amur-LNG medium-class rocket, and a reusable RD-182 with a thrust of 250 tons in a super-heavy rocket.
According to him, the initiative to switch to methane fuel from kerosene-oxygen belongs personally to the head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin.
In December 2020, it became known from Rogozin's Facebook post that it had been decided to revise the project of the Russian Yenisei super-heavy rocket. Instead of the current technologies using oxygen-kerosene engines, it will use new technical solutions, which is why the first Russian manned missions to the Moon until 2032 will involve missiles of the Angara family. The decree of Russian President Vladimir Putin stipulates that the first super-heavy rocket was to be launched in 2028.
Rogozin also reported that the new super-heavy rocket will be reusable – this principle is incorporated in the Amur-LNG rocket project.
In January 2021, the Space Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences recommended postponing the creation of a super-heavy rocket, since it is necessary to use breakthrough, promising and economically viable technologies.
In February, Dmitry Baranov, general director of the Progress Rocket and Space Center (an enterprise of Roscosmos), said that the technical design of the Yenisei rocket was suspended due to the possibility of a correction of its appearance, which will be determined by the middle of the year.