MOSCOW, March 2 – RIA Novosti. The United States will not agree to a complete lifting of sanctions against Nord Stream 2 at the request of Berlin, but a compromise solution is possible: the German authorities will have to make serious concessions to implement the project, Alexander Kamkin, a leading researcher at the Center for German Studies at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told RIA Novosti.
Earlier, the German government announced that they intend to discuss with the new US administration the issue of lifting the sanctions against Nord Stream 2, which Berlin rejects as an encroachment on European sovereignty.
“The Americans can set tough conditions for lifting the sanctions, the sanctions will most likely not be lifted completely, but there may be some progress. The goal of the US sanctions policy is to support its producers, this is not even an economic strangulation of cooperation between Russia and Europe, but promotion interests of American producers of LNG (liquefied natural gas – ed.), therefore, most likely, we will talk about some kind of compromise solution, “Kamkin said.
According to him, this may relate to Germany's commitment to diversify gas supplies, or Berlin will be required to fulfill its obligations in terms of gas transit through Ukraine in exchange for permission to complete Nord Stream 2.
“In any case, there will be a search for some kind of compromise on the German side for the sake of the implementation of this project, because a lot of money has already been invested. In addition, it threatens huge reputational costs if the project is abandoned at the last moment: of course, the German business does not need such an alignment at all, so Berlin in this context will be ready for quite serious concessions to the United States in exchange for the implementation of the project, “the expert summed up.
Nord Stream 2 envisages the construction of two lines of a gas pipeline with a total capacity of 55 billion cubic meters of gas per year from the Russian coast through the Baltic Sea to Germany. The project is actively opposed by the United States, which is promoting its liquefied natural gas to the EU, as well as Ukraine and a number of European countries. The states imposed sanctions on the gas pipeline in December 2019, as a result of which the Swiss Allseas was forced to stop laying. The Russian Federation has repeatedly stated that this project is commercial and beneficial to Europe. The Federal Republic of Germany supports the completion of the gas pipeline and rejects the unilateral extraterritorial sanctions of the United States.