Anti-Discrimination Day or Zero Discrimination Day is celebrated annually around the world on March 1st.
The Joint United Nations (UN) Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) launched the No Discrimination Campaign in December 2013 on World AIDS Day. The celebration was established by Michel Sidibé, Executive Director of the Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) in 2014.
The symbol of zero discrimination is the butterfly, which is widely recognized as a symbol of transformation, rebirth and the ability to transform.
Discrimination (from the Latin discriminatio – division) is a deliberate restriction or deprivation of the rights, advantages of any persons, organizations or states on the basis of race, nationality, nationality, property status, political or religious beliefs, etc.
It creates bias, limits the life chances of millions of people, and can lead to cruelty and violence.
According to UNAIDS, only 88 out of 190 countries have legislation mandating equal pay for work of equal value. Of the 190 reporting countries, 36 have no laws that prevent gender discrimination in employment. An estimated 258 million children, minors and young people were out of education in 2018, representing one sixth of the global population in this age group.
Limiting the opportunities for girls and young women to receive adequate education affects not only the life chances of individuals, but also prevents society from taking advantage of the vast intellectual potential.
Discrimination against people on the basis of race brings suffering and weakens social cohesion. To combat racism, in November 2020, the UN Secretary General launched a campaign to end racism in the workplace.
Discrimination causes unequal access for people living with HIV to prevention, treatment, care and support, as well as to society at large. It negatively affects how resources for HIV prevention and treatment are allocated, how programs are designed, and, in general, affects the overall health of people who use drugs and people in prison.
Thus, ensuring zero discrimination is essential to a successful AIDS response.
On March 11, 2020, WHO declared the coronavirus pandemic. The number of infections worldwide has exceeded 110 million people, about two and a half million people were not saved by doctors. According to UN Secretary General António Guterres, the COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbated the problem of economic and social imbalance on the planet and demonstrated the fragility of the world: protection; structural inequality; environmental degradation; climate crisis. Whole regions that have made remarkable progress in eradicating poverty and reducing inequality have been thrown back many years in a matter of months. “
WHO experts note that the pandemic has revealed the best and worst qualities of people. According to the head of the WHO, Tedros Ghebreyesus, “on the one hand, all over the world we see manifestations of resilience, creativity, solidarity and kindness, at the same time we are witnessing the stigmatization, misinformation and politicization of the pandemic.”
On Anti-Discrimination Day 2021, UNAIDS is calling for attention to the importance of eliminating inequalities that still exist in the world in such categories and aspects of life as income, gender, age, health status, employment, disability, religion, ethnicity, etc. .d. Rising inequality, affecting more than 70% of the world's population, heightens the risk of disconnection and impedes economic and social development. COVID-19 affects the most vulnerable people the most, and the advent of new vaccines has not reduced inequalities in access to them.
According to the UN, in order to defeat discrimination and overcome the difficulties associated with it, it is necessary to tackle this issue at the individual, social and political levels. Tackling inequality requires tackling poverty and hunger, and investing more in health, education, social protection and job creation. It is necessary to abandon discriminatory laws, rules and procedures, to provide everyone with the same opportunities.
The material was prepared on the basis of information from RIA Novosti and open sources