MOSCOW, February 27 – RIA Novosti. “Alternative boiler house” (a new model of the heat market) will allow companies to invest in the development of heat supply in Russia on favorable terms, while the population will be protected from a sharp rise in prices by a transition period of five years and a restriction on the total payment for housing and communal services, RIA Novosti told Viktoria Gimadi, Vice President, Head of the Energy Economics and Climate Department, CSR.
The altboiler method was introduced in 2017 as part of a new model of the heat energy market. It involves the introduction of a maximum price for the consumer (that is, it is impossible to bill for Gcal more than this level). This maximum heat price is calculated for an “alternative boiler house” that could be built to supply a given city. The method is an attempt to find a balance – on the one hand, it is necessary to protect the consumer from unreasonable or excessive costs of heat supply organizations, on the other hand, these organizations need understandable and long-term conditions and the opportunity to recoup their investments in the city's heat supply. Altkotelnaya is protected by two mechanisms: a transition period of five years (that is, the increase will be distributed over this period); a restriction on the total payment of citizens for housing and communal services (the limits are set in the context of regions and are close to the level of annual inflation), “she explained Gimadi.
“It is clear that any major modernization requires funds, which can lead to an increase in the tariff higher than the current one, otherwise the modernization would have been carried out long ago,” the expert notes. But, according to her, the new model of the heat market makes it possible to use the transition period to achieve the price of the “altboiler” in case this marginal price is higher than the current tariffs. Typically, growth is kept within 1-2% in addition to inflation.
In addition, Gimadi emphasized that the decision to switch to this method is made on a voluntary basis by the municipal authorities together with the unified heat supply organization, which will be responsible for modernizing the system, and will also assess its own risks of return on investment within the agreement. Each municipality separately decides whether it is ready in a particular situation to increase the tariff for consumers in order to attract investment. Next, you need the approval of the regional governor, and then approval by the government of the country.
At the level of the Russian government, the transition to “altkotelnaya” has already been approved in 15 cities (Barnaul, Biysk, Vladimir, Kansk, Krasnoyarsk, Mednogorsk, Novokuibyshevsk, Novocheboksarsk, Orenburg, Penza, Prokopyevsk, Rubtsovsk, Samara, Ulyanovsk, Cheboksary) and the village of Linevo in the Novosibirsk region …
Under the old market model, the regulator does not include all operating costs in the tariff, which creates risks for investments. Also, the costs must be approved annually, even with a long-term regulation method. The source of investment in the composition of costs is strictly regulated and limited, it is often not enough, and there are few incentives to seek investments. It is almost impossible to include additional volume for investment in the tariff structure.
“The new model is aimed at solving the systemic problems of the industry accumulated over the years: it is necessary to untie a whole knot of problems – to systematically and timely update networks and heat supply sources, to ensure efficient use of fuel; to provide consumers with the required volume and on an ongoing basis heat and hot water , and also to reduce the number of accidents. Along with this, it was still necessary to ensure an understandable tariff, as well as to prevent a sharp increase in the tariff with a large investment, “the expert concluded. Moscow Today: a megapolis for life