MOSCOW, 8 Feb – RIA Novosti. Muscovites need to wear four layers of clothing and gloves under mittens, as well as not forget about scarves with the onset of severe frosts, Andrei Tyazhelnikov, chief freelance specialist in primary health care for adults at the Moscow Health Department, told RIA Novosti.
Earlier, the leading expert of the Phobos weather center, Yevgeny Tishkovets, told RIA Novosti that real frosts await Muscovites, which have not been in the city for 10 years. On Monday night minus 21-26, in the region up to minus 29. In the afternoon minus 15-20 degrees. And on Tuesday the temperature will reach the “deepest bottom”, frosts will get stronger to minus 20-30 at night, in the afternoon minus 16-21.
According to Tyazhelnikov, low temperatures are dangerous because hypothermia and frostbite are possible. Hypothermia is stress for the body, which leads to a decrease in immunity and makes us vulnerable to bacteria and viruses. As a result, a person gets sick. “To prevent the risks of frosty weather, you need to wear clothes designed for low temperatures. Fluffy materials and wool warm well. You need to dress in several layers. Three to four layers will keep warm due to the air between them. It is imperative to wear a scarf. . If even at once it seems superfluous, put it with you in your bag. If you are on the street for a long time, you can wrap your face with it. The headdress should be windproof and cover your ears, “the agency's source said.
He noted that shoes should be not only warm, but also loose. So that you can put on warm socks and the foot is not squeezed, and the toes move freely. It is very important to keep your hands warm. They freeze faster due to the lack of adipose tissue and rapid heat loss occurs through unprotected hands. As a result, the whole person freezes faster.
According to the expert, it is worth protecting the skin of the face and hands from frost. In winter, skin care generally changes, but half an hour or an hour before leaving the house, you should use a dense cream with a fat base. It will protect the skin from chapping, dehydration. “If you have to often use the phone in the cold, you need to take care not to freeze your hands. Use voice dialing, headphones. Perhaps you should wear gloves with open fingertips, and mittens on top to less bare hand when using the phone. Now some manufacturers have begun to produce gloves with special screen-sensitive pads on the fingers so as not to remove them, “Tyazhelnikov specified.
The doctor emphasized that clothes do not warm, but keep warm. In this regard, put on a hat, gloves should be still warm, and not after going out into the cold. And if in cold weather you will have a long stay on the street, then it makes sense to inquire about thermal accessories. These are warming insoles for shoes, and warming inserts in gloves, and heating pads for other parts of the body. “If you have to be outside for a long time, then try to move more actively, from time to time go into a warm room. You can drink hot tea in a cafe, and when going for a long walk, take a thermos with a hot drink with you. But not alcohol. Alcohol gives the effect of warming only in the first minutes, and then leads to even greater freezing “, – stressed Tyazhelnikov.
The interlocutor of the agency noted that chills indicate hypothermia, thus the body is protected from heat loss, as the vessels begin to narrow, and we begin to tremble. He stressed that there is no need to endure and that measures must be taken immediately to warm up.
“Frostbite of the first degree is dangerous because it can not be felt immediately. But it can be determined visually. With frostbite, the skin turns pale. And after warming it turns red. Trauma may be accompanied by numbness, slight tingling, itching. Often children do not notice frostbite of the face or hands, carried away by the game. Therefore, parents should be careful, “the doctor said.
According to him, second-degree frostbite is already more noticeable as a burning sensation, sometimes pain. The affected surface is blistered. The third and fourth degrees of frostbite are even more painful and lead to tissue death.
“If you have not protected yourself from frostbite, in no case should you rub the frostbitten skin area with snow, as this will injure the damaged skin. You need to warm the affected areas with moderate heat. If the frostbite is severe, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible, “Tyazhelnikov warned. Moscow Today: a metropolis for life